1. Clarification of the general pattern of the constellation of emotional, behavioural, and relational problems the person is experiencing – and its history.
2. Helping the client become aware of, and understand, the emotions and anxieties and not-fully-conscious thoughts that are driving him or her – and the defensive strategies the client uses to avoid these.
3. Helping the client become able to tolerate and manage their emotions without resorting to drugs, alcohol, bulimia or anorexia, or self-harm.
4. Processing traumatic interpersonal experiences (particularly from childhood) that have left traumatic stress imprints within personality.